Laser Facials: A Complete Overview

Laser cosmetics are one of the most popular areas in hardware facial care. What is Laser Skin Rejuvenation? What procedures are there and what types of lasers are used in cosmetics? How do you properly care for your skin after laser application? We analyze all the details.

Features of laser cosmetics

First, let's find out what laser facial rejuvenation is and how it differs from other types of cosmetic procedures. As the name suggests, a special feature of the entire process group is the use of a laser - a device that acts on the skin with the thinnest, narrowly directed light beam.

Cosmetological lasers that are used to rejuvenate the skin of the face can have different power, light wavelength, pulse frequency and depth of penetration into the tissue. . . However, the principle of action is the same for them: the laser heats and vaporizes certain layers of the skin, which triggers deep renewal processes and skin renewal.

Laser rejuvenation can be called an effective alternative to plastic surgery. Laser treatments at the cellular level trigger the regeneration processes of the skin and contribute to an overall tightening and rejuvenating effect - without the need for a surgical procedure and you achieve the most natural result possible.

Indications for laser rejuvenation

Indications for laser rejuvenation

Laser facial cosmetics are suitable for solving a wide variety of problems:

  • pronounced signs of aging: loss of tone, sagging, looseness, appearance of wrinkles and age spots;
  • uneven skin relief: the presence of scars, scars, traces of acne;
  • slight sagging of the tissues (moderate ptosis) and a blurred facial contour;
  • Skin imperfections: enlarged pores, vascular networks, expression lines.

At the same time, there are not so many contraindications to laser procedures:

  • chronic diseases, especially at the stage of exacerbation (when choosing a specific procedure, it is better to find out the exact list from a beautician);
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding period;
  • inflammatory and / or infectious processes in the planned areas of treatment (including acne in the acute stage);
  • increased tendency to scarring of the skin (consult a beautician).

Types of lasers in cosmetics

There are different types of laser classification: depending on wavelength, radiation spectrum, mode of operation and other parameters. In order not to get mixed up in the terminology, let's take a look at the most popular types of lasers used in cosmetics.

Erbium laser

Erbium laser has a short light wavelength and is used for so-called "cold" laser treatments. It has a rather mild effect on the skin and works in the upper layers of the epidermis. In cosmetics, the use of an erbium laser is considered to be the least traumatic for the skin and practically does not lead to burns.

Carbon dioxide laser

The carbon dioxide laser (carbon, CO2 laser) has a much longer wavelength than erbium and is used in cosmetics to stimulate the synthesis of collagen and elastin in the deep layers of the skin. At the same time, it is important to understand that more laser resurfacing with a CO2 laser means a longer recovery time and requires special skills on the part of the specialist performing the procedure.

Neodymium laser

Neodymium laser is also used in cosmetics to deeply affect the skin of the face. It is not only suitable for anti-aging procedures, but also for removing scars, scars, vascular networks, tattoos and permanent make-up. Procedures in which it is used can be slightly painful for people with a low sensitivity threshold.

Ablation in cosmetics

ablative laser for skin rejuvenation

We decided to include this complex section in order to briefly introduce you to the methods of laser exposure of the skin. Knowing these terms will help you better understand your esthetician's recommendations and make an informed decision about the type of procedure.

Non-ablative taper

The non-ablative method is a slight warming of the tissue, which means no damage to the skin surface. It is used to combat mild aging, superficial pigmentation and facial skin fatigue. The pluses include a fairly quick recovery, down to the conditional minuses - a cumulative effect and the need to go through a procedure.

Ablative taper

The ablative method implies an even, continuous action of high temperatures on the surface of the skin (the same "evaporation of the layers") affecting both the epidermis and the layers of the dermis. It is used to correct pronounced signs of age, smooth out wrinkles, stretch marks and scars, eliminate hyperpigmentation, combat looseness and sagging skin. Such a "laser lift" requires a fairly serious recovery period, but can produce an effect comparable to the results of plastic surgery.

Fractional rejuvenation

The fractional effect of a laser involves the scattering of the laser beam into a large number of micro-beams. As a result, you cannot treat the entire skin area as a whole, but rather small micro-areas - which has a softer and atraumatic effect on the skin. Today fractional rejuvenation is considered the "gold standard" in cosmetics. In contrast to classic ablation, it does not require that long rehabilitation time and rarely leads to the formation of itchy crusts.

4 popular laser facials

What is Laser Facial Renewal? How is it different from laser peeling? Why is laser photo rejuvenation needed and when is laser biorevitalization performed? We will inform you about the most common laser processes.

Laser peeling for the face

Classic laser peeling is superficial - it only affects the upper layers of the epidermis. It is recommended for minor age-related changes, to correct hyperpigmentation and freckles, for general leveling of skin tone and for relief. It helps eliminate skin dullness and primary loss of elasticity and is not typically used to combat the pronounced signs of aging.

Laser resurfacing of the face

In fact, facial skin resurfacing is the same laser peeling, only with a deep effect. If the upper layers of the skin are used in classic peeling, then the laser resurfacing of the facial skin also affects the deep dermal structures and influences the elastin-collagen framework.

Laser resurfacing removes small scars and scars, combats pronounced age-related changes (deep wrinkles and skin folds), eliminates moderate ptosis, corrects the relief and tone of the face, removes the vascular network and narrows the pores.

Laser biorevitalization

Laser biorevitalization is one of the most effective ways to saturate the skin with hyaluronic acid using laser radiation. During the procedure, a special gel with hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin. Under the influence of a laser beam, its fractions penetrate deep into the layers of the dermis, intensely saturate the skin with moisture and stimulate the skin's own collagen and elastin synthesis.

Laser photo rejuvenation

Photorejuvenation is the treatment of the skin with a laser device with short bursts of high intensity radiation. Laser photo rejuvenation is a non-ablative procedure and is suitable for treating initial to moderate changes in the condition of the skin. It is also recommended for deep cleansing of the skin and to combat fine vascular networks.

Rehabilitation after laser surgery: an overview of the means

Antioxidant serum

What's included:

  • 15% L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
  • 1% α-tocopherol (vitamin E);
  • 0. 5% ferulic acid.

How is it used for laser procedures?:

In the preparatory phase, the use of an antioxidant serum will help strengthen the protective properties of the skin, prevent the negative effects of free radicals on it and prepare the skin for the action of the laser.

Immediately after the procedure, thanks to the action of laser radiation, the active penetration of vitamin C into the skin cells and the complex work of all components of the serum begins. This will help reduce possible side effects, reduce the development of unwanted skin reactions, and reduce inflammation after the procedure.

In home care, it helps to shorten the recovery phase and to permanently consolidate the results of laser procedures. The effect of the serum further reduces hyperpigmentation and improves the structure of the skin. In addition, the serum improves the synthesis of the most important structural proteins of the skin and prolongs the effect of the laser effect.

Correction cream

What is inside:

  • 2% ceramides I and III;
  • 4% cholesterol;
  • 2% ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids.

How is it used for laser procedures?:

After the procedure, a corrective moisturizing cream is used in conjunction with a serum. It helps restore the skin's hydrolipid balance, reduce moisture loss and help restore skin firmness and elasticity.

Moisturizing soothing serum

What's included:

  • Hyaluronic acid;
  • Thyme leaf extract;
  • Olive leaf extract.

How is it used for laser procedures:

After procedures and in home care, a moisturizing soothing serum is used to reduce possible skin reactions (redness, inflammation) to the laser treatment. Powerful plant extracts accelerate skin regeneration and strengthen its protective barrier. The serum gel helps soothe laser-damaged skin and firm up the treatment results.

It is used immediately after non-ablative and fractional hardware techniques. After ablative techniques, they start applying it to the face 5-7 days after the procedure.

Sunscreen liquid

What's included:

  • 100% mineral filter;
  • Titanium dioxide;
  • Artemia Salina (plankton extract).

How is it used for laser procedures:

Exposure to the laser makes the skin extremely sensitive to sunlight (a phenomenon known as photosensitivity). For this reason, it is not recommended to perform laser procedures in the summer. However, in other times of the year it is very important to protect the skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays.

Using a sunscreen fluid after your treatment and at home will help protect photosensitive skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays and the signs of photoaging. The fluid can be used under make-up, gives the skin a pleasant matt finish and helps to smooth the complexion.

Our article was devoted to laser cosmetics: What is it used for, what goals and objectives does it solve, what effect does it have on the skin of the face. We hope that a detailed review has helped you to understand this topic and to find the most interesting approaches for you!